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By Arnold Hughes

A Political background of the Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st entire account of the political heritage of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian authentic and personal documentary resources, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the publication charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after international struggle II. by means of independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital were defeated by means of a brand new, rural-based political service provider, the People's innovative get together (PPP). the second one a part of the ebook analyzes the skill wherein the PPP, below President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either current and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The publication closes with an evidence of the death of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The e-book not just establishes these targeted features of Gambian political background, but additionally relates those to the broader nearby and African context, in the course of the colonial and independence sessions.

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For instance, there have been 16,000 unusual farmers from French and Portuguese territory in Gambia in 1945, yet merely 7,000 in 1948. A Farmers’ Survey performed within the mid-1970s, predicted that there have been approximately 25,000 Guinean, Senegalese, and Malian unusual farmers within the Gambia, yet a 1990 survey discovered that there have been lower than 2,000 nonGambian unusual farmers within the nation. sixty seven Non-Gambian Africans have additionally moved to Bathurst in huge numbers because the past due 19th century. the 1st to reach have been most likely Creoles from Sierra Leone who got here to Bathurst at first to exchange after which, from the 1870s onward, to hunt clerical employment with the Gambian govt. sixty eight As famous, many have been ultimately absorbed into the Aku neighborhood. The variety of Sierra Leoneans within the Gambia declined after international struggle II and through the Nineteen Seventies, Gambians have been prone to dwell in Sierra Leone than vice versa. sixty nine within the first half the 20th century, and maybe quite among global Wars I and II, Senegalese and different immigrants from French and Portuguese territory traveled to Bathurst throughout the exchange season to load groundnuts. 70 desk 1. eight exhibits that the complete of non-Gambian Africans rose progressively till 1983, sooner than greater than doubling to 131,000 in 1993, whilst, as proven in desk 1. 7, they comprised thirteen percentage of the inhabitants. This used to be a very excessive share, which mirrored the industrial and political difficulties of its buddies. no longer strangely, the vast majority of international nationals within the Gambia are from neighboring Senegal. within the mid-1970s, there have been approximately two times as many Gambians residing in Senegal as Senegalese residing in Gambia, yet by means of the Nineteen Nineties, the placement used to be very various. seventy one through 1993, over 1/2 all non-Gambians lived in both Kanifing or Brikama. Non-Gambian Africans have been additionally more likely to be hired within the “informal region” of the financial system than within the “formal” inner most zone or the general public quarter. seventy two Social and fiscal surroundings 23 desk 1. eight. Non-Gambian African inhabitants of The Gambia, 1963–93 1963 1973 1983 1993 Senegal Guinea [Conakry] Guinea- Mali Bissaua Sierra Leone Mauritania different overall 21,498 25,309 32,385 81,567 5,257 10,137 12,599 27,797 4,689 6,817 5,626 8,488 730 436 517 1,605 585 1,883 1,828 2,243 268 794 1,023 2,564 34,938 50,843 58,273 130,634 1,911 5,467 4,295 6,370 assets: [Gambia Government], Census record, 1963, desk 10; [Gambia Government], inhabitants Databank, desk four. sixteen. observe: facts are for nation of nationality. a Portuguese Guinea in 1963 and 1973. Europeans Ever because the origin of Bathurst, there was a small, yet influential, eu inhabitants. the 1st civilian settlers have been a gaggle of British retailers who moved to Gambia from Gorée quickly after the French had reoccupied their buying and selling submit in 1817. seventy three by means of 1823, there have been forty-five Europeans (including army officials) on St. Mary’s Island and there have been often thirty to fifty resident Europeans in Bathurst throughout the 19th century (few lived open air the town).

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